Jacques Derrida was a French semiotic theorist and philosopher. Celebrated as the founder of deconstructionist thought, Derrida examined and rejected traditional binary forms of analysis, asserting that duality is in fact always hierarchical. He wrote over forty books, which include his seminal Speech and Phenomena and Writing and Difference, both from 1967. Derrida applied his theory of deconstruction to works in the philosophy of art, while also demonstrating how artworks themselves could be deconstructive of historical discourses on art. His writings on visual arts include his explorations of representation in The Truth in Painting (1978) and later in Memoirs of the Blind: The Self-Portrait and Other Ruins (1993). Throughout his work, Derrida expressed strong interest in the radicality of Artaud’s theater, aligning the practice of deconstruction with Artaud’s projected new theater.